10 eruption of Mount terdahsyat in the World bannerfans_36599691

Minggu, 25 Maret 2012

10 eruption of Mount terdahsyat in the World

10 eruption of Mount terdahsyat in the World

Perisitwa volcanic eruption, particularly in Indonesia is very common. In fact, some historians note that the eruption of the earthquake mentioned already several times nan terrible happened in this country. TIME magazine, make a list of the most famous mountain Worldwide and the damage it causes.



1. Mount Vesuvius
This active volcano is located in the bay Maples in southern Italy. As far as is known, Vesuvius has erupted 30 times.The most famous eruption occurred in 78 AD, the eruption of lava and ash for days, burying Pompeii and Stabiae in ash. Pompeii lost for 1,600 years. A writer, Pliny the Younger (Pliny the Younger) describes the sudden eruption was followed by a thick veil of dust that dropped the people who tried to flee. The real casualties of the eruption is not known, but archaeologists menudur, there are approximately 1,000 people.


2. Krakatau
In 1883, Krakatoa erupted. His strength is menggerikan, 13,000 times the power of the atomic bomb. The sound of explosions and the roar could be heard rocks spewed from thousands of miles away - even to the small islands in the East African sea.Hundreds of people on the island of Sumatra was killed instantly when the heat hit their house dust. Tempest did not stop there. Krakatau eruption triggered mega-tsunami. It is estimated more than 36,000 people died at that time. And many victims could not be buried.After the eruption, Krakatoa sank into the sea, but after realizing that a new island appeared in the same mlokasi in 1927 and issued occasional bursts of lava. It is called Anak Krakatau.
3. St Helens
The mountain is most famous for its eruptions that occurred on May 18, 1980. The eruption was the worst volcanic eruption in terms of both strength and economic loss in the history of the United States. 57 people were killed, and the mountain peak was reduced from 2950 m to 2550 m. Location of the eruption has now become the Volcano National Monument Mount St. Helens.

4. Tambora
Data Volcanic explosivity index (VEI), an index similar eruption on the Richter scale to measure the strength of the quake - there are on a scale of 1-8.The eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815 there are on a scale of 7. That means very destructive. Explosion of Tambora Sumbawa and making the area around it in the dark.Tens of thousands of people died in the eruption, tsunami, followed later, famine and disease.Strength of the eruption of Tambora was the largest ever recorded in history.Atmospheric vent burst of heat and climate change. There was no summer in 1816 in Europe and North America - 'the year without summer'. Tambora down into the ground a few thousand feet, leaving a large crater at the summit.


5. Mauna Loa
Is the largest volcano in the world in terms of - and one of five volcanoes that form the island of Hawaii in the United States and the State of Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. He is an active shield volcano, with an estimated volume of approximately 18,000 cubic miles.Mauna Loa is one of the most active in the world. Since 1843, Mauna Loa has erupted 33 times, last in 1984.
6. Eyjafjallajokull
Although not many people can pronounce the name correctly and smoothly, the eruption of Mount Eyjafjallajokull in Iceland ejects ash is confusing, because the European air traffic mess.Thousands of passengers stranded at the airport, disrupted economic, agricultural goods rot because they can not be sent.The first eruption of this volcano took place on March 20. But the next eruption, 14 April to be the cause havoc. The airline industry lost U.S. $ 1 billion.
7. Mount Pelee
Mount Pelee with a height of more than 4,500 feet is located in the French territories of Martinique, famous for its eruption in May 1902, estimated to cost the lives of more than 30,000 people and destroyed St. Pierre.
8. Thera
Around 3,500 years ago, a major disaster i rocked the Mediterranean. Thera volcano (later known as the Greek island of Santorini) exploded with what is estimated at four to five times the strength of the eruption of Krakatoa in 1883.Thera eruption caused the extinction of the Minoan culture. Also provide ispirasi in Ancient Greek culture.One of them, the legend of "The Lost Atlantis" or "Atlantis the Lost Continent. "
9. Nevado del Ruiz
Actual eruption of small, producing only 3 percent over the ashes of Mount St. Helens ejected in 1980.However, this eruption in 1985 produced lava that buried the town and caused the death of 23,000 people - the deadliest to duua in the 20th century. This event is called the tragedy of Armero. Nevado del Ruiz called the "sleeping lion" by locals.10. Mount PinatuboLocated on the island of Luzon, Philippines. This mountain erupted in 1991, more than 490 years after the eruption activity last seen. This is the second largest eruption in the 20th century.This successful prediction of the eruption that displaced tens of thousands of people and saved many lives. But the area around the volcano destroyed by pyroclastic flows, ash and lava.


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